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Quick Overview

Types of figs 
After being picked, cleaned and processed, the fig is then dried. Dried figs are prepared in the four grades shown below:
 

Types of figs 
After being picked, cleaned and processed, the fig is then dried. Dried figs are prepared in the four grades shown below:
 

Dried fig grade 101AAA: this expensive kind include the biggest dried figs with complete open mouth and very light color.

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dried fig grade 101 AAA
Dried fig grade 101AA: dried figs belong to this grade have light yellow and white color. The size of them is about 22 mm. Most percent of dried fig in this grade (about 90 percent) has open mouth.
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dried fig grade 101AA
Dried fig grade 101A: dried figs belong to this grade have yellow and white color. The size of them is about 14 to 22 mm. Some percent of dried fig in this grade has open mouth.
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dried fig grade 101A
Dried fig grade AA: dried figs belong to this grade have light yellow and white color and the size of them is about 22 mm. Most percent of dried fig in this grade (about 90 percent) has open mouth.
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dried fig grade AA
Dried fig grade A: dried figs belong to this grade have yellow and white color and some of them has brown color. Most percent of dried fig in this grade has closed mouth and some has open mouth.
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dried fig grade A
Dried fig grade B: closed mouth dried figs belong to this grade have brown and gray color and the size of them is about 14 mm.

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dried fig grade B, dried fig
Pressed fig paste grade A: this product provide by wetted fig that press by machinery and is available in 200, 250, 400gr. packs with whit color.

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fig, pressed fig paste grade A
Pressed fig paste grade B: this product provide by wetted fig that press by machinery and is available in 200, 250, 400gr. packs with darker color than the grade A.
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pressed fig grade B, fig
White (normal) processed fig: this product provide by wetted fig that put in vacuumed package and is available in 150 and 250 gram packs.

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white fig paste, normal fig paste, fig exporter
Dark (marmalade) processed fig: this product provide by wetted fig that put in vacuumed package after some processing like boiling and colding.
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dark pressed fig, dark fig


Fig paste: processes of produce this product like above but fig after wetting without pressing put in the 5 kg plastic.
 

Grade Super(101) AA A B
Quality Very high High Very Good Good
Diameter (mm) Upper 22.5-23 22.5-23 22-20-18 20-18-15-14
open Mouth 90-99% 45% Min 25% Min 3% Max
Color White White White or slight Yellow Yellow or Grey
Brown & dark color 0% 4% Max 15%Max 35% Max

The history of the fig
The fig is mentioned frequently in the Bible, the Koran, and the Torah as well. Figs are also found in cultural
and historical stories such as “Romelus and Remus”. Ancient evidence shows that Sumerians and
Assyrians used figs. The home of the fig is probably in ancient Arabia, but today the fig is cultivated in
western Asia and Asia Minor, including Iran.

The botany of the fig
The fig grows in warm climate. Fig trees are tall about 5 to 6 meters. Fig trees have green and gray leaves and the color of the fig fruit is yellow. Fig trees being to produce fruit four years after planted and will continue to do so for 20 years.

The nutritional value of figs
Figs are cholesterol free and high in amino acids, minerals, and sugar. The fig is useful for preventing high cholesterol and uric acid. It increases sweat and reduces thirst and also prevents bad breath.
100 grams of dried figs contains about 250-300 calories and is comprised of approximately 70% carbohydrates, 4% protein, and 3% fat.

Per 100g edible protein:

  Potassium 1060 mg
  Calcium 363 mg
  Magnesium 68 mg
  Phosphorus 67 mg
  Sodium 5.2 mg
  Iron 1.8 mg
  Vitamin C 1.2 mg

The uses of dried fig
Dried figs are eaten as nut. They are also used in many foods such as cake, sweet, compote and syrup.

Global trade in figs
The statistics of Iranian dried fig exports, according to the customs organization of Iran, are shown below (values are in millions of dollars):

dried fig export diagram

Note: Statistics are from March of each year.

According to FAO statistics (2003), Iran is the second largest exporter of dried figs in recent years and Iranian dried figs are exported to many countries.dried fig FAO global market statistics

 

This graph, based on FAO 
statistics, shows 
Iran's portion of the 
global dried fig market.

 

Some useful information about dried fig

www.irandriedfruit.com