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Quick Overview

Types of pistachios
Iranian pistachios have different names according to their shapes and sizes. The major varieties are as follows:

Types of pistachios
Iranian pistachios have different names according to their shapes and sizes. The major varieties are as follows:

Round Pistachio (Fandoghi Pistachio):
These are the primary product for export.
5 stars, based on 987 reviews 
Available in sizes 26-28, 28-30, 30-32

round fandoghi pistachio, Iran Pistachio

Long Pistachio (Akbari Pistachio):
These are the most expensive and traditional.
5 stars, based on 938 reviews 
Available in sizes 20-22, 22-24

long akbari pistachio, Iran Pistachio

Long Pistachio (Ahmad aghaee Pistachio):
This kind of pistachios are a favorite amongst people in Eastern Asia.
5 stars, based on 738 reviews 
Available in sizes 22-24, 24-26

long ahmad aghaee pistachio, Iran Pistachio

Long Pistachio (Badami Pistachio)
The shape of its kernel is similar to that of the almond.
5 stars, based on 838 reviews 
Available in sizes 24-26, 26-28, 28-30

long badami pistachio, Iran Pistachio

Jumbo Pistachio (Kale ghuchi Pistachio):
This kind is broad with an opened mouth.
5 stars, based on 552 reviews 
Available in sizes 18-20, 20-22, 22-24, 24-26

jumbo pistachio, Iran Pistachio

Natural Pistachio kernel (red and cream color):
These are shelled from closed pistachios.
5 stars, based on 552 reviews 

natural kernel pistachio, Iran Pistachio

Green kernel Pistachio:
Green kernel Pistachio: This kind is used to add flavor and/or green coloring to ice cream, cookies and other cuisine. 
5 stars, based on 452 reviews 
Available in sizes 


green kernel pistachio

Roasted and Salted Pistachio:
These boast a very favorable taste. 
5 stars, based on 587 reviews 

green kernel pistachio, Iran Pistachio

Roasted and Unsalted Pistachio: 
These are quite suitable for individuals who are on a salt free diet. 
4 stars, based on 297 reviews 

We can also prepare all kinds of pistachios in the following grades:

Grades of kernel pistachios 
AAA: ~95% whole + 5% split. 
AA: ~90% whole + 10% split. 
A: ~85% whole + 15% split. 
C: ~70% whole + 30% split.

The History of the Pistachio
Documents and research have shown that the origin of pistachio trees lies in the North-east of Iran. For
5000 years people have been eating pistachios. Historic records claim that the queen of Sheba herself,
demanded all of the Assyrian pistachios for her court.

The Botany of the Pistachio
The pistachio belongs to the Ancardiaceae family. Pistachio trees usually grow up to 8 meters tall. These
trees can tolerate different extremes in temperature: up to 45°C and lower than 25°C. Pistachio trees are
second (after the date palm) which can survive for long periods of time without water. Their roots reach
deep into the soil to find water. Depending on the environment in which the tree is planted, a pistachio tree
will start to fruit between 7 to 10 years after being planted and continue to live and fruit for about 80 to 100

Loading capacity

Type Packed in bags Packed in carton
20 foot container 14 tons 12 tons
40 foot container 24 tons 20tons
12 meter trailer 19.5 tons 19tons

The Nutritional Value of Pistachios
100 grams of the edible part of a pistachio contains about 600 calories and is 53% fat, 21% protein, 18%
carbohydrates, 2.2% fiber, and no cholesterol.

Per 100g of edible protein:

  Potassiumm 1.020 g
  Phosphorus 5.000 g
  Magnesium 158 mg
  Calcium 136 mg
  Iron 7300 mg
  Selenium 0.450 mg
  Nickel 0.080 mg
  Vitamin C 7.000 mg
  Vitamin E 5.200 mg
  Nicotinamide 1.450 mg
  Vitamin B1 0.690 mg
  Vitamin B2 0.200 mg
  Carotene 0.150 mg
  Folic Acid 0.058 mg

Pistachio global export
The statistics of Iranian pistachio exports, according to the Customs Organization of Iran, are shown below
(values are in thousands of dollars):

pistachio export diagram

Note: Statistics are from March of each year.

According to FAO statistics (2004), Iran is the number one exporter of pistachios in recent years and Iranian pistachios exported to many countries.

pistachio FAO global market statistics

This graph is based on
FAO statistics,  shows the 
percentage of Iranian 
pistachio exports in the 
global market.


Some useful information about pistachio